Shrubs & Trees
Trees play a significant role in reducing erosion and moderating the climate. They remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and store large quantities of carbon in their tissues. Trees and forests provide a habitat for many species of animals and plants.
Evergreen is a plant whose “foliage remains green and functional through more than one growing season.” This also pertains to plants that retain its foliage only in warm climates, and contrasts deciduous plants, which completely lose their foliage during the winter or dry season.
In the fields of horticulture and botany, the term deciduous means “falling off at maturity” and “tending to fall off”, in reference to trees and shrubs that seasonally shed leaves, usually in the autumn; to the shedding of petals, after flowering; and to the shedding of ripe fruit.